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Linking to other content

Use ContentReference type to refer to other content in EPiServer without having to write custom properties, as shown in the following example.

[UIHint(UIHint.Block)]
public virtual ContentReference BlockReference { get; set; }
 
[UIHint(UIHint.BlockFolder)]//BlockFolder and MediaFolder gives the same result since the folder structure is the same
public virtual ContentReference Folder { get; set; }
 
[UIHint(UIHint.Image)]//Anything that implements IContentImage
public virtual ContentReference Image { get; set; }
 
[UIHint(UIHint.Video)]//Anything that implements IContentVideo
public virtual ContentReference Video { get; set; }
 
[UIHint(UIHint.MediaFile)]
public virtual ContentReference MediaFileOfAnyType { get; set; }

NOTE: The code example refers to images and media using a content reference. EPiServer 7 uses a URL in the following code.

[UIHint(UIHint.MediaFile)]
public virtual Url FileAsUrl { get; set; }
 
[UIHint(UIHint.Image)]
public virtual Url ImageAsUrl { get; set; }

Both types are supported in EPiServer 7.5 and later versions, but you should use a ContentReference. If you use a URL, EPiServer converts the value from its internally permanent URL format to a public and user-friendly format. It is an additional step to do that has a small impact on performance. For example, when you want to append information to a URL, such as the size or format to use for an image, you must use the URL type because the ContentReference stores only the reference and not additional information.

The following image shows how block selection dialog box appears. The dialog box shows folders and blocks only. Folders are not selectable.

If you skip the UI hint and get a selection for any content on the site, the dialog box appears as follows:

Customizing selection of content

If you want to narrow down selection, use the AllowedTypes attribute to define what you can select:

[AllowedTypes(new []{typeof(TeaserBlock)})]
public virtual ContentReference TeaserBlockReference { get; set; }

You also can further customize the selection by specifying custom roots for the dialog box by creating a custom editor descriptor that inherits from ContentReferenceEditorDescriptor<T>. The following example uses a hard-coded content reference for simplicity (but it is not a recommended approach).

public class StartPage : SitePageData
    {
        [UIHint("teaserblock")]
        public virtual ContentReference TeaserBlockReference { get; set; }
    }
 
    [EditorDescriptorRegistration(TargetType = typeof(ContentReference), UIHint = "teaserblock")]
    public class BlockReferenceEditorDescriptor : ContentReferenceEditorDescriptor<TeaserBlock>
    {
        public override IEnumerable<ContentReference> Roots
        {
            get
            {
                return new ContentReference[] { new ContentReference(52) };
            }
        }
    }

NOTE: The examples in this topic control what you can drag and drop to a field, (except for the custom roots setting because it affects only what is visible on the dialog box). For example, you can drag and drop a TeaserBlock from a location other than under the custom root with the id 52.

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