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This document describes editing of content such as pages and blocks in the EPiServer CMS user interface. EPiServer CMS has a pluggable user interface where you can plug-in your own gadgets to the panes in the user interface. The UI framework has a server-side part based on ASP.NET MVC and a client side part using the JavaScript library Dojo. The UI also has context awareness where it is possible to have a component to automatically reload when the context is changed, to display customized content for that item. There is also support for loading Web Form pages and user controls into components of the user interface, making it possible to port existing plug-ins built with ASP.NET user interface.

Editing your content in different ways

The editing concept includes different possibilities for editing content in the user interface:

  • Side-by-side Editing opens up a light weight pane next to the content where the user can edit the content. As the user changes the settings in the pane the display is updated directly so that the editor instantly can see the results on the page.
  • Inline Editing creates an editor directly on the page. This is currently used for simple property types like short strings, integers and decimal numbers.
  • Forms editing is where you can edit all properties in a form based editing view. Here you are able to edit properties that are not visible on the page.

This means that the editor can do changes using different modes without loosing context or having to save.

Autosave and Undo/Redo

When an editor does a change to the content this is automatically saved to the client state. These changes are then sent to the server to be persisted. To reduce the burden on the server there will be a slight delay of a few seconds before synchronizing the client state with the server. When a user is done editing a property or content block an undo step will be created. This undo history is kept on the client and enables the user to undo and redo changes. The undo-redo steps are available until the user leaves the page while the latest changes are always sent to the server and will be available even if the user leaves the page or closes the browser.


The page editor is composed of two “layers”. The first is the UI layer, where most of the EPiServer scripts and css files are loaded and where most of the user interface and interaction take place. The second layer is the actual content page being edited. This layer is placed inside an iframe and should have very few differences compared to the page that is shown to visitors of the site. The only difference are HTML5 data-attributes injected in edit mode to make it possible for the content close editing to identify editable blocks. A custom stylesheet is injected into the content pages when editing is enabled, but there are however no other scripts or markup injected. When the second layer is loaded the UI layer will scan the content of the page to find nodes that should be editable and add event handlers to them that will trigger loading of the correct editor.

The simplest way of enabling editing for a specific area is to add the following attribute to the HTML tag: data-epi-property-name="PageName":

<h1 data-epi-property-name="PageName"><%= CurrentPage.PageName %></h1>

When using EPiServer property web control will automatically output data attributes when the page is displayed in page editing mode.

As a property can be displayed several times on a page, it can also be edited in multiple places. By editing one of them, all the other will be updated as well. A property can be disabled, in which cannot be edited, but it will update its content if the property is edited elsewhere.

In this case we tell the editor that clicking on the following node should load whatever editor is configured for the “Pagename” property. Configuration of editors is done separately and does not have to be added to the HTML even if there are a few other data-attributes that you can use to override default behavior.

When an editor is triggered for a property we need to figure out which editor should be used for that property. An editor factory class creates the editor based on the data attributes and metadata for the property. EPiServer Framework has a system for extracting metadata that can be used to create an editor. The metadata is created from several sources.

  • Extracting metadata attributes from the model class
  • Global “editor descriptors” that can set up rules for a common language runtime type.
  • Custom metadata providers that supplies the metadata.

A more detailed description of the EPiServer object editing system is available in the EPiServer Framework SDK.

Since EPiServer has support for creating page properties both from typed model classes and manually in the administrative user interface, the PageData class has a custom metadata provider assembling metadata depending on settings in the database.

The metadata is sent to the client using a RESTful service and is a hierarchical representation of the page and its properties. Below is an example of how a property might be described:

    "settings":{"label":"Name","required":true,"missingMessage":"The Name field is required.","invalidMessage":"The
    field Name must be a string with a maximum length of 255.","regEx":"^.{0,255}$","maxLength":255},

Some of the parts to highlight are:

  • modelType is the name of the CLR type including its namespace.
  • uiType is the default client side editor widget.
  • customEditorSettings might have information about a non-standard editor type like an inline editor.
  • settings is a settings object that will be passed to the constructor of the editor widget.

Server communication

Page editing component creates editable blocks for each node in the page with data attributes. Page data is stored in the page model and page editing syncs changes using the page model server sync class. The editable blocks are responsible for editing property data. The page model is updated during editing. The editable blocks uses a render manager to render property on the page. This can be client side rendering or server side. Server side rendering is throttled with a queue to make sure we do not try to render too many properties at the same time. Changing one property could mean that several properties on the page need to be rendered again with different settings.

Editable blocks

Clicking on an editable block opens up the editor for the block. The editor and an editor wrapper is created the on the first click. The wrappers purpose is to display the editor. An inline editor wrapper is used for inline editor and a dialog editor is for displaying the editor in a dialog. The editor factory decides which wrapper and editor to use depending on the data attributes for editing and metadata for the property. It is possible to connect to an event in editor factory to be able to change the values at runtime.

Page editing overview

The data attributes has higher precedence than the metadata. A developer can choose to use an editor for a property on a page which is not the standard editor for that property. For inline editing we must use an editor designed for it. In all other cases the editor is a widget.

Editing data attributes

data-epi-property-name Yes String Name of the property.
data-epi-disabled No Boolean It is not possible to edit this node but we want the node to be updated if the property value changes.
data-epi-useoverlay No Boolean Use overlay when mouse hovers above node to edit.
data-epi-property-render No String  
data-epi-property-edittype No String Type of wrapper to display editor in. Possible values are: floating (default), flyout, inline, webcontrol. Inline editing is only possible with custom inline editing widgets. Dijit widgets cannot be used inline.
data-epi-property-editorsettings No JSON Any settings for editor.
data-epi-property-rendersettings No JSON Settings used to specify rendering, for example custom tag.
data-epi-property-editor Optional String Type name of property editor widget

The values for data-epi-property-editorsettings and data-epi-property-rendersettings can be set through properties EditorSettings or RenderSettings on either Property web control or on Property data control when using web forms. In MVC the values can be passed in as anonymous object to PropertyFor helper method. The render settings should be passed in using parameter 'additionalViewData' while the editor settings can be passed in using parameter 'editorSettings'.

Overall architecture

Page editing details