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Deploying Your Episerver Site to Azure via Kudu

I will preface this by saying that this is an alternative deployment option for when Azure DevOps CI/CD isn't an option for you. That being said if that isn't an option for you I hope this helps.

Kudu is the engine that the Azure App Service uses for Git deployments.

https://github.com/projectkudu/kudu/wiki

You can access Kudu by logging into https://www.portal.azure.com but, before we get to accessing Kudu in order to deploy, first we need to produce a zipped up copy of the site code we want to deploy.

In order to do this, I'm going to open up the solution in Visual Studio. From here I'm going to set up a publish profile to publish the site locally where I can zip it up for deployment.

To set up a publish profile look in the toolbar for where it says "Publish" with a drop down next to it.

Click on that drop down and select the "New Custom Profile" option.

In the window that opens up select Folder as the publish target type and then provide the path to where you want to publish making sure that the path ends with ".../wwwroot".

Next click on "Advanced" and ensure that the proper configuration is selected so the correct transforms are applied. Then click save to close that window and press the publish button.

Navigate to where you published your code and confirm that everything is there.

Once you've confirmed everything is present and accounted for zip up the wwwroot directory. This is what you'll be providing to Kudu for deployment.

Now that you have your zip file open up https://www.portal.azure.com in your browser.

Login and then click on your account in the upper right once you are on the dashboard.

Confirm that you have the proper directory for the site you want to deploy to selected. If not select "Switch Directories" and choose the correct one.

Next go to the toolbar on the left of the page and select "App Services".

Click on the app service for the site you are deploying to and the scroll down in the toolbar of the window that opens to the "Development Tools" section and select "Advanced Tools" and then "Go". This will open up Kudu in a new tab.

At the top of the screen click on the "Debug Console" dropdown and select "CMD".

You are now presented with a screen that has a file explorer listing the home directories for the server at the top and a command line at the bottom.

Click on the "Site" directory and then scroll down to the bottom where you should see the wwwroot folder on the server.

Go grab the zip file from where you created it and drag it over the top right of the file explorer window. When you are over the right spot a blue box that says "Drag here to upload and unzip".

Drop the file there and the file will be uploaded to the server and Kudu will unzip it for you.

Open up the wwwroot folder and confirm that it contains your new code.

Congratulations! You have successfully now deployed using Kudu!

You can now use http://paasportal.episerver.net to deploy to higher environments.

Aug 01, 2019

Marcus B
(By Marcus B, 8/2/2019 3:14:18 AM)

Thank you for sharing with the community.

Whilst this is a very valid way of deploying, please also consider using CI/CD for deployments into Azure or DXC Service. This will remove the possibility for human error.

For more information also have a look at this section in the documentation of world: https://world.episerver.com/digital-experience-cloud-service/deploying/

GOSSO
(By GOSSO, 8/2/2019 12:19:00 PM)

Hold your horses Cowboy! I would had hoped that this procedure had less manual steps. This is more a good to know information rather then a valid way to deploy. 

Deploying thru Kudu is more or less the Cowboy hacker developer way.

  1. Always use the CI/CD for deployments pipeline in Azure Devops
  2. If CD not in place, use publishing profiles in Visual Studio, one click "publish" and you are done (it does all this behind the scenes) for the day, time for AW!!

Never the less, thank you for sharing an alterate deploy method. 

Scott Reed
(By Scott Reed, 8/2/2019 3:41:25 PM)

Agree with all the other comments. If you're on a professional service like the DXC you'd be expected to be using a source control provider and have some best practice setup on iit such as gitflow and branching.

Azure Devops can deploy directly via a the resource manager to the app pool in a pipeline, there's no need for Kudu. 

Andrew Pohto
(By Andrew Pohto, 8/2/2019 6:15:12 PM)

I agree that obviously CI/CD with DevOps is the best way to go. I wrote this up in order to share knowledge of this as an alternative if Azure DevOps CI/CD isn't an option for you. I personally had to do this recently for a client I've been working with because they were hosting their codebase in an on prem TFS instance so they weren't using DevOps and CI/CD wasn't an option.

I should have prefaced the article with this is an alternative and not the best way to go if you have the choice. I just assumed that anyone looking at this would already know the go to option and would be looking at alternatives for whatever reason.

I suppose I shouldn't have assumed. I can add a preface stating that this is an alternative deployment method and shouldn't be your go to if you have the option.

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